|Identifying India as one of the five fragile economies of the world, a top US economist has predicted an uncertain outlook for its future in view of the next year’s general elections. “The big question about India now is what happens in the election next year and who will be the new government. That’s a very complicated question,” said Charles Collyns, Chief Economist at the Institute for International Finance.
“India’s the world’s largest democracy. It has a multiple of political parties. There’s one party on the right, the BJP, which would certainly try to push forward pretty aggressive reforms. “On the other hand, that party’s also been associated with less positive social policies, and it’s not clear whether they will actually gain power even if they become the largest seat holder in Congress,” Collyns said at the George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs.
“On the other hand, if you had a coalition of regional governments, which is another possibility, that would probably be pretty negative for reforms. So it’s an uncertain outlook,” Collyns said.
Collyns said India is one of the five fragile economies of the world. The other four being Brazil, Indonesia, Turkey and South Africa, he said. “The “fragile five” are fragile because they have large current account deficits and they’ve relied heavily on portfolio capital to finance those deficits. The “fragile five” suffered particular steep depreciations in the exchange rate. So gradually over the summer there was a clear discrimination between the most fragile and other economies,” Collyns said.
He said the fragile economies had to take a pretty strong policy response to stabilise their foreign exchange markets. “Three of them actually had to increase their policy rates. Brazil, India and Indonesia raised their policy rates. But the policy response was much broader than just raising interest rates, as shown in this chart here,” he said.
“The countries under pressure took a number of steps. They hiked their interest rates, they took measures to tighten liquidity, they intervened in the market, they provide foreign exchange swaps, they provide hedging against foreign currency risks. They took steps to encourage capital inflows to try to stir up to protect their position,” he said.
Collyns said India is a country that’s allowed its current account deficit to widen quite sharply recently.